Located at Humen Town, Dongguan City, the Opium War Museum is a thematic museum that has become an important base for patriotic education, focusing on the collection, display and study of cultural relics and historical data relating to General Lin Zexu and the Opium War, as well as on the protection of related historical sites.
The Site of the Opium Destruction Pit where in 1839 General Lin Zexu commanded the destruction of the opium trafficked from Britain and the U.S., and the Humen Battery, were witnesses to the Opium War history. Both are now under the Museum’s administration and have become key cultural sites under special national protection. Featuring the architectural style of the battery, both the entrance gate and the exhibition building join the sculpture of the Dongguan citizens opposing the British invaders, the bronze statue of General Lin Zexu, the Monument in Memory of the Destruction of Opium, and the batteries in the creation of a rich historical atmosphere. The Sites of Humen Battery, Shajiao Battery, Weiyuan Battery, Jingyuan Battery, Zhenyuan Battery, Nanshan Battery, Shetouwan Battery and Eyi Battery are all very important historical relics of the Opium War as well.
The exhibition building, which is the main building of the museum, covers an area of 2,400 square meters. The major exhibition, “Historical Facts of General Lin Zexu in the Opium Destruction Movement and of the Opium War” includes valuable relics and documents related to the First Opium War. These items expose the crimes the British invaders committed in China during the War, provide an overview on Chinese people’s heroic battles, affirm the historic contributions of patriotic officers and soldiers led by General Lin Zexu, and praise Chinese people for their great national integrity and their strong sense of patriotism during the Opium War. Instead of following traditional exhibition methods, the museum puts the cultural relics on display in a particular context, combining pictures, historical objects and supplemental materials into a whole experience. By adopting various instruments including background scenes, sand tables, videos, as well as sound, light and electro-mechanic models, the museum has made the display quite vivid thus carrying a remarkable art appeal.
In January 2004, the Opium War Museum was awarded “National AAAA Tourist Attraction” by China National Tourism Administration. In July 2004, it was chosen as an “Advanced Unit in National Patriotic Education Demonstrative Bases” by Publicity Department of the CPC Central Committee, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Personnel and Ministry of Culture.
The Opium War Museum